Glossary

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A

Approximate - carat weights may vary slightly in the styles of jewelry we offer since each diamond and color gemstone is hand-matched for size, brilliance and color.

B

Bezel setting - a rim of metal that completely surrounds the gemstone.

Blemishes - natural marks on the external area of a gemstone or pearl.

C

Cabochon - a gemstone that has been shaped and polished rather than faceted, producing a convex front and a flat back.

Carat - unit of measurement for the weight of diamonds and gemstones. One carat can be divided into 100 “points.”

Certification or Diamond Grading Report - report stating specific measurements and characteristics about the gemstone. Companies that can grade your stone for a fee include IGI, EGLI, AGS, GSI and, the most well-known, GIA.

Channel setting - gemstones that are set within a “channel” of metal and are not separated but rather set adjacent to each other.

Cluster setting - this setting features a center stone surrounded by several smaller stones. It is designed to create a larger center focal point comprised of many smaller stones.

Crown - top half of a gemstone, below the table and above the girdle.

Culet - small facet point at the bottom of the gemstone and parallel to the girdle.

D

Dispersion - distribution or spread of light as it enters a gemstone and reflects off of each facet.

E

F

Facet - flat surface of a diamond or gemstone that has been cut to show the stone’s inherent beauty. Each angle and shape of any facet is carefully planned and executed by a professional gemstone cutter.

Fancy cut - gemstone cut other than round; including heart, oval, emerald, pear, marquise, square, etc.

Fracture filling - enhancement process where a solution is injected into a diamond to make natural fractures less visible.

Feather - natural inclusion of a diamond that may be described as a small crack that resembles the design of a feather.

Finish - the outer appearance of a metal surface. Finish types include polished, brushed, satin, textured, diamond cut, sandblasted, stardust, etc.

Fire - distribution of rainbow colors in various hues and intensities as light enters and reflects in a gemstone.

Fluorescence - characteristic in a diamond where trace minerals reflect a bluish glow when exposed to ultraviolet light.

G

Gemological Institute of America (GIA) - leading global resource institute that provides clear and unified grading of diamonds and colored gemstones.

Girdle - the outer edge of the diamond, usually the portion that is grasped by the setting. It is the dividing line between the crown and the pavilion.

Growth or grain lines - crystal inclusions that appear as lines and are formed during the creation of a diamond.

Gypsy setting - type of setting in which the only exposed area is the crown and the diamond or gemstone appears to sit flush within the surface of the metal.

H

Hardness - a material’s ability to resist scratching or abrasion. Hardness is measured by the Mohs scale.

I

Inclusion - just as fingerprints are unique to a person, inclusions make each diamond and gemstone unique. Inclusions are naturally occurring impurities inside a gemstone or diamond and may be seen under 10x magnification. Examples of inclusions include bubbles, crystals, carbon spots, feathers, clouds, pinpoints or other impurities.

J

K

L

Loupe - small hand-held magnification device used to see the clarity of a diamond or gemstone.

Luster - reflection of light from the surface of pearls or minerals.

M

Mohs scale - scale from 1 to 10 of mineral hardness based on one mineral’s ability to scratch another.

Melee - small diamonds less than .15 carat used to decorate jewelry designs.

N

Natural - original surface space of a diamond that is purposely left unpolished.

O

P

Pavé setting - small stones set closely together to portray a continuous surface of diamonds or other gemstones.

Pavilion - the part of the diamond below the girdle.

Point - one hundredth of a carat. Just as there are 100 pennies in $1.00, there are 100 points in 1.00 carat.

Polish - finishing process to smooth the jewelry’s surface, leading to a bright and clean finish.

Prong setting - metal tips that hold a stone in place.

Q

R

Refraction - the bending of light as it travels through a facet on a gemstone.

Rough - uncut diamonds or gemstones.

S

Solitaire - a single diamond or gemstone set alone.

T

Table - top surface facet that caps the crown of a cut diamond or gemstone.

Tension setting - a setting in which a center diamond or gemstone is held in place by the pressure of the band’s metal rather than prongs or other mounting.

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